What is a solar inverter and what is it used for?
The solar inverter is the electronic component of the solar installation responsible for transforming the direct current of the battery pack into alternating current for housing 220v to 50hz. The inverter acts as a converter and is a fundamental component of the photovoltaic installation, in isolated solar installations it is the heart of the photovoltaic installation, since without it there would be no alternative of electricity supply to the house.
The use of solar inverters is very broad and covers many sectors, but where they stand out the most for being a component of vital importance is in the sector of renewable energies and their uses in photovoltaic installations. The use to make self-sufficient farms and farms, solar water pumping for irrigation and cisterns, swimming pool treatment plants, general lighting and industrial applications.
There are different types of solar inverters according to the type of installation and different voltages. Among the investors in isolated facilities, we differentiate:
Pure sine wave solar inverters
The pure sine wave solar inverter is the inverter that generates electric power of the same quality as the electric network. They are the most recommended for generating the highest quality energy and similar to that generated by the electrical network.
Modified wave solar inverters
They are the least recommended for solar installations, the modified wave solar inverter imitates the current of the electrical network, but modifying it by means of diodes, generating a wave of square shape. Every day is less and less recommended installation in photovoltaic installations because they can generate faults if not configured correctly.
In addition to converting the direct current into alternating current, the charger inverter fulfills the function of regulating the charge of the batteries, that is, the inverter has a built-in regulator for charging the batteries.